What to know about India’s Prophet Mohammed controversy

The United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, Oman, and Iraq are amongst a minimum of 15 Muslim-majority nations to have condemned the remarks, which have been described as “Islamophobic,” with a number of nations summoning India’s ambassadors.

The incident sparked protests in neighboring Pakistan and prompted calls from across the area to boycott Indian items.

India’s Hindu nationalist ruling Bharatiya Janata Celebration (BJP) disciplined the 2 officers concerned, however the firestorm involving India’s main Arab commerce companions is but to die down.

This is what that you must know.

What’s inflicting the backlash?

On the heart of the controversy is Nupur Sharma, now suspended nationwide spokesperson for the BJP — the get together of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

On Might 26, Sharma made feedback throughout a televised debate on an Indian information channel in regards to the Prophet Mohammed that have been extensively deemed offensive and Islamophobic.

Most Indian information shops haven’t straight quoted Sharma’s authentic feedback.

Sharma later withdrew her remarks and mentioned it was by no means her intention to “damage anybody’s spiritual emotions.” On Twitter, Sharma said her words were a response to derogatory feedback made through the debate a few Hindu god.

“If my phrases have brought on discomfort or damage spiritual emotions of anybody in anyway, I hereby unconditionally withdraw my assertion,” she mentioned.

One other BJP spokesperson, Naveen Jindal, who has since been expelled, had additionally made feedback in regards to the Prophet on social media.


The BJP mentioned on June 5 it had suspended Sharma and expelled Jindal from the get together.

“The Bharatiya Janata Celebration can be strongly towards any ideology which insults or demeans any sect or faith. The BJP doesn’t promote such folks or philosophy,” the get together mentioned in an announcement on June 5 with out straight referring to the feedback from Sharma or Jindal.

Police within the Indian capital Delhi have additionally registered instances towards Sharma and a number of other others accused of disrupting public tranquility and incitement, based on a tweet from the Delhi police’s official Twitter account.

A grievance was additionally earlier filed in Mumbai towards Sharma for her inflammatory feedback.

On June eight, Indian police mentioned that they had arrested a former BJP native youth chief within the northern metropolis of Kanpur for posting inflammatory content material on social media about Prophet Mohammed.

The incident has led to protests among the many nation’s Muslim minority in a number of states. In Uttar Pradesh’s Kanpur on Friday, a minimum of 54 folks have been arrested in reference to the protests, senior Kanpur police official Pramod Kumar instructed CNN.

World reactions

The BJP’s transfer to droop its spokesperson didn’t cease the controversy escalating past India’s borders.

Qatar, Kuwait and Iran summoned India’s ambassadors, and the Gulf Cooperation Council, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the Group of Islamic Cooperation issued statements of condemnation. Malaysia was the most recent nation to sentence the remarks. Its Ministry of International Affairs summoned the Excessive Commissioner of India to Malaysia on Tuesday to convey their “whole repudiation over this incident.”

Protesters within the Pakistani metropolis of Lahore referred to as on Indian Prime Minister Modi to difficulty an apology. And a few shops in Kuwait have eliminated Indian merchandise from their cabinets following related requires a boycott.

India's ruling party suspends official over comments about Islam

The hashtag “Anybody however the Prophet, oh Modi” has been trending on Twitter in all six Gulf nations, and as far-off as Algeria. Oman’s outspoken Grand Mufti Sheikh Ahmad Al-Khalili, the chief spiritual determine within the nation, referred to as Sharma’s feedback “a battle on all Muslims” and a matter that “requires all Muslims to rise as one nation.”

Modi has not publicly commented on the incident however Indian embassies in Gulf nations have made statements saying the feedback “don’t, in any method, replicate the views of the federal government of India” and the government “accords the very best respect to all religions.”

CNN has reached out to India’s Residence Affairs Ministry for remark.

Threats from al-Qaeda within the Indian Subcontinent

Depictions of Islam’s Prophet are thought of blasphemous by many Muslims and offending pictures or feedback have prior to now led to mass boycotts, diplomatic crises, riots and even terror attacks.
On June eight, the terrorist network al-Qaeda within the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) issued an announcement condemning the remarks from the BJP officers and referred to as for revenge, warning they may “discover refuge neither of their houses nor of their fortified military cantonments.”

However Mohammed Sinan Siyech, a senior analyst on the Worldwide Middle for Political Violence and Terrorism Analysis, mentioned that such threats are extra of a recruitment technique than a strong plan.

“In some methods that is them making an attempt to publicize their views reasonably than taking motion,” Siyech mentioned.

AQIS had not recruited many individuals since forming within the subcontinent in 2014 so may not have the capability to hold out such an assault, he mentioned.

In 2015, Islamist militants attacked the workplaces of French satirical journal Charlie Hebdo, which had printed cartoons of the Prophet, and a Jewish grocery store in Paris, killing 17 folks.

Perspective to Muslims at residence

For a lot of of India’s 200 million Muslims, Sharma’s feedback weren’t an remoted incident.

They got here amid a broader development in India, which has cracked down on its minority Muslim inhabitants ever since Modi’s BJP got here to energy practically eight years in the past.
Analysts say there was an increase in assist for extremist Hindu nationalist teams and suspected hate crimes towards Muslims since 2014.
In January, a senior member of the right-wing Hindu Mahasabha political get together called on her supporters to kill Muslims and “shield” the nation. It triggered an outcry made worse by the following lack of arrests.
In February, the southern state of Karnataka banned headscarves in lecture rooms, sparking protests within the state and main cities together with the capital New Delhi. The demonstrations prompted rival protests from right-wing Hindus who chanted a spiritual slogan in assist of the BJP.
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In 2018, India’s present Residence Minister Amit Shah mentioned Muslim immigrants and asylum seekers from Bangladesh have been “termites” and promised to rid the nation of them. And between 2015 and 2018, vigilante groups killed dozens of people — a lot of whom have been Muslims — for allegedly consuming or killing cows, an animal thought of sacred by Hindus, based on Human Rights Watch.
In 2019, India’s Parliament passed a bill that will give immigrants from three neighboring nations a pathway to citizenship — aside from Muslims. It led to prolonged protests and worldwide condemnation.

And in December 2020, Uttar Pradesh enacted a controversial anti-conversion legislation, making it harder for interfaith to marry or for folks to transform to Islam or Christianity.

All of this, analysts say, is proof that Modi and his BJP get together have pushed an agenda of Hindu nationalism onto secular India, a rustic of 1.three billion folks.

What the BJP’s response says about India’s relationship to Gulf states

Analysts mentioned Modi has walked a tightrope between retaining his Muslim worldwide allies glad whereas pushing his get together’s Hindu nationalist agenda at residence.

“Modi has tried very laborious to stop his get together’s home political agenda from spilling over and poisoning India’s relations with the Gulf states,” mentioned Hasan Alhasan, a Bahrain-based fellow on the Worldwide Institute for Strategic Research who researches Indian overseas coverage within the Gulf.

“The extent to which Sharma’s feedback have clouded India’s relations with the Gulf states is unprecedented, and that is in fact as a result of she is, or was, the spokesperson of the BJP.”

India has a lot to lose if it could possibly’t hold a lid on the controversy. It comes as Gulf states and India look to enhance their economic partnership.

India, the world’s third-biggest importer of oil, appears to the Center East for 65% of its crude. The South Asian nation additionally sends to the Gulf states hundreds of thousands of employees who ship residence billions of dollars in remittances annually. And the UAE has singled out India amongst seven different nations as its future financial companion.

The Gulf states are key sources of India’s oil and fuel imports, with bilateral commerce price greater than $100 billion, based on Alhasan.

CNN’s Abbas Al Lawati, Manveena Suri, Kunal Sehgal, Rhea Mogul, Nadeen Ebrahim, Swati Gupta and Akanksha Sharma contributed reporting.

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